ITER is a collaborative international project that aims to demonstrate the feasibility of nuclear fusion as a source of energy. The project is based on a tokamak, a magnetic confinement device that contains a plasma of hydrogen isotopes that are heated to more than 150 million degrees Celsius, which allows them to fuse and release energy. ITER is a collaboration between 35 countries and is funded by the European Union, China, India, Japan, Korea, Russia, and the United States.
Some of the key technologies used in the ITER project include superconducting magnets, which are used to create a powerful magnetic field that contains the plasma, and a heating system that uses radiofrequency waves to heat and control the plasma.
The project has already achieved several milestones, including the completion of the tokamak building, the installation of the first superconducting magnet, and the production of the first plasma in 2020. Upcoming milestones include the installation of the remaining superconducting magnets, the completion of the heating and diagnostic systems, and the production of sustained plasma.
The goal of the ITER project is to demonstrate that nuclear fusion can produce energy on a commercial scale, with the aim of providing a safe, clean, and abundant source of energy for the future.
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Sources: Company website, Fusion Industry Association Annual Report 2022